Refinancing with Laurel Road
Refinancing rates from 1.99% APR. Checking your rates won’t affect your credit score.
Most student loan articles focus on struggling college graduates who can’t repay their debt. But what about their parents? We hardly ever hear about the moms and dads who are stuck paying back parent PLUS loans for children who obtained undergraduate degrees.
Parent PLUS loan debt currently stands at about $89.9 billion, spread out among 3.6 million borrowers. Since the standard parent PLUS repayment term is 10 years, millions of parents could spend a decade (or more) attempting to repay what they’ve borrowed.
Repayment could even be extended to 25 years if the loans get consolidated, or if the federal student loan balance in question exceeds $30,000. Even worse, these types of loans have the highest interest rates among the various types of federal student debt. For the 2018-19 school year, the rate is 7.6%, compared with 5.05% for direct loans to undergrads.
So what can parents do to ease the strain on their finances? Here are four ways to get your parent PLUS debt under control this year.
1. Income-contingent parent PLUS loan repayment plan
Pros: Lowers monthly payments and offers parent PLUS loan forgiveness after 25 years.
Cons: Likely increases total interest charges. Requires paying a higher percentage of discretionary income than other income-driven repayment plans.
The federal government offers four types of income-driven repayment plans, but parent PLUS loans are only eligible for one: Income-Contingent Repayment (ICR).
ICR caps monthly student loan payments at 20% of the borrower’s discretionary income, which is the difference between your gross income and a minimum level based on the federal poverty guideline for your state and family size.
Parents generally have to pay a larger chunk of their discretionary income with this program, but these payments can still be less than they’d be on other repayment plans. This is helpful if you hope to free up extra cash flow each month.
One advantage of ICR is that you’ll be eligible for parent PLUS loan forgiveness after you make payments for 25 years. However, spreading out parent PLUS loan repayment over such a long period can cost you more in interest overall. Plus, you might be subject to additional taxes on the amount forgiven.
To qualify for ICR, your parent PLUS loan needs to be consolidated first by the Department of Education into a direct consolidation loan. This is the standard federal student loan consolidation option.
To apply for a direct consolidation loan, first contact your student loan servicer. There are nine federal loan servicers:
- FedLoan Servicing
- Granite State
- Great Lakes Educational Loan Services, Inc
- OSLA Servicing
Your loan servicer should be able to advise you on the best way to proceed. Note that the federal consolidation process typically takes between 30 and 90 days.
2. Parent PLUS loan consolidation and refinancing
Pros: Could decrease high interest rates on parent PLUS loans.
Cons: Requires borrowers to qualify based on credit and income. Borrowers could also lose some flexibility afforded by federal student loans.
Parent PLUS loan refinancing has the potential to work especially well for some borrowers. In general, parents of college students have more established credit histories than graduates in their 20s. If you’re a parent with a high credit score, then you have a better chance of approval for student loan refinancing.
Lenders that refinance parent PLUS loans like to see steady income and employment history as well, which will increase your odds of being approved. Want to get a sense of whether you might qualify to refinance? Take our refinancing eligibility quiz:
Private student loans don’t have all the same repayment options that federal student loans do. Most lenders offer terms between five and 20 years, as well as the choice between a variable and fixed interest rate. But you probably won’t be able to put your loans on an income-driven plan, and only a few private lenders offer forbearance if you run into financial hardship.
Plus, you can change federal student loan repayment plans at any time, but this isn’t the case with private student loans. Once you complete refinancing, your only other option to change your repayment terms would be to refinance again.
Before you decide to refinance, you’ll want to determine whether a lower monthly payment and the interest savings are worth giving up some of the federal protections and forgiveness programs.
Refinancing parent PLUS loans includes another option: refinancing your parent PLUS loans into your child’s name. By doing this, your child becomes responsible for their debt, and you no longer need to make payments. It can take the pressure off you, especially if you have been struggling with parent PLUS loan repayment.
3. Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF)
Pros: Eligible for parent PLUS loan forgiveness after 10 years.
Cons: Limited to certain career fields.
Public Service Loan Forgiveness (PSLF) is a federal program available to certain public service employees, such as those in government and nonprofit fields. This program forgives all federal student loan debt after 120 qualifying payments (typically 10 years).
Many graduates on track to take advantage of Public Service Loan Forgiveness do so with income-driven repayment plans. Just keep in mind that most of these plans aren’t available for parent PLUS loans. Instead, you’ll likely need to consolidate your loan with the federal government and use Income-Contingent Repayment — if you use the standard 10-year repayment plan, then your loan balance would be zero after 120 payments, with nothing left to forgive.
Before you shoot for PSLF, make sure you definitely qualify. Unfortunately, many PSLF applicants who worked in public service for 10 years and expected to receive loan forgiveness had their applications rejected because they didn’t meet all requirements or didn’t file the right paperwork each year.
You should also make sure extending your loan terms with ICR is worth the extra amount you’d pay on interest. If you can make extra payments instead, you could get out of debt years ahead of schedule, which could be a better option for some borrowers.
Besides making sure your loans are on the right repayment plan, keep an eye out for any administrative changes to PSLF. The program has come under fire from critics recently, with some Republican lawmakers recommending eliminating it altogether. While the program is functioning right now, it’s not guaranteed to last forever.
4. Standard Parent PLUS Loan repayment
Pros: Keeps the total loan cost down via repayment over 10 years.
Cons: Could be less affordable due to higher monthly payments.
If you’re paying off a parent PLUS loan, you’ll automatically be enrolled in the standard repayment plan, which involves a 10-year repayment term with fixed monthly payments. There’s nothing wrong with this option, as long as you can afford to make the monthly payments. Stay on track, and you’ll have the loans paid off in 10 years.
The problems with standard parent PLUS loan repayment only surface if you can’t afford to keep up with the bills. In such cases, consider pursuing another repayment option, such as ICR, instead of risking default.
It’s worth noting that graduated repayment and extended repayment plans are also available. However, these might not be preferable to ICR or other options. Extended repayment, for instance, adds more time and interest to your overall payment, but it doesn’t end in loan forgiveness. These plans could give you a lower monthly payment now, but the added interest costs could be pretty high.
Take control of your parent PLUS loans
Consider the choices above to determine which is the best fit for your plans and your income level. (And while we’re on the subject, don’t forget to check if you’re eligible for a student loan interest tax deduction.)
Overall, the best option for you will depend on your situation. But the right choice is typically the one that allows you to pay off your student loans as quickly as possible — with the lowest cost.
Rebecca Safier contributed to this report.
Interested in refinancing student loans?Here are the top 6 lenders of 2020!
|Lender||Variable APR||Eligible Degrees|
|1.99% – 7.10%1||Undergrad & Graduate|
|1.99% – 6.65%2||Undergrad & Graduate|
|1.99% – 6.24%3||Undergrad & Graduate|
|2.39% – 6.01%||Undergrad |
|1.99% – 5.64%4||Undergrad & Graduate|
|3.18% – 6.06%5||Undergrad & Graduate|
|Check out the testimonials and our in-depth reviews!
1 Important Disclosures for Splash Financial.
Splash Financial Disclosures
Splash Financial loans are available through arrangements with lending partners. Your loan application will be submitted to the lending partner and be evaluated at their sole discretion. For loans where a credit union is the lender, or a purchaser of the loan, in order to refinance your loans, you will need to become a credit union member.
The Splash Student Loan Refinance Program is not offered or endorsed by any college or university. Neither Splash Financial nor the lending partner are affiliated with or endorse any college or university listed on this website.
You should review the benefits of your federal student loan; it may offer specific benefits that a private refinance/consolidation loan may not offer. If you work in the public sector, are in the military or taking advantage of a federal department of relief program, such as income based repayment or public service forgiveness, you may not want to refinance, as these benefits do not transfer to private refinance/consolidation loans.
Splash Financial and our lending partners reserve the right to modify or discontinue products and benefits at any time without notice. To qualify, a borrower must be a U.S. citizen and meet our lending partner’s underwriting requirements. Lowest rates are reserved for the highest qualified borrowers. This information is current as of May 1, 2020.
Fixed APR: Annual Percentage Rate [APR] is the cost of credit calculating the interest rate, loan amount, repayment term and the timing of payments. Fixed Rate options range from 2.88% (without autopay) to 7.27% (without autopay) and will vary based on application terms, level of degree and presence of a co-signer. Rates are subject to change without notice. Fixed rate options without an autopay discount consist of a range from 2.88% per year to 6.21% per year for a 5-year term, 3.40% per year to 6.25% per year for a 7-year term, 3.45% to 5.08% for a 8-year term, 3.89% per year to 6.65% per year for a 10-year term, 4.18% per year to 5.11% per year for a 12-year term, 4.20% per year to 7.05% per year for a 15-year term, or 4.51% per year to 7.27% per year for a 20-year term, with no origination fees. The fixed interest rate will apply until the loan is paid in full (whether before or after default, and whether before or after the scheduled maturity date of the loan).
Variable APR: Annual Percentage Rate [APR] is the cost of credit calculating the interest rate, loan amount, repayment term and the timing of payments. Variable rate options range from 1.99% (with autopay) to 7.10% (without autopay) and will vary based on application terms, level of degree and presence of a co-signer. Our lowest rate option is shown with a 0.25% autopay discount. Our highest rate option does not include an autopay discount. The variable rates are based on the Variable rate index, is based on the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) published in The Wall Street Journal on the twenty-fifth day, or the next business day, of the preceding calendar month. As of April 27, 2020, the one-month LIBOR rate is 0.43763%. The interest rate on a variable rate loan is comprised of an index and margin added together. The margin is a fixed amount (disclosed at the time of your loan application) added each month to the index to determine the next month’s variable rate. Variable rate options without an autopay discount consist of a range from 2.01% per year to 6.30% per year for a 5-year term, 4.00% per year to 6.35% per year for a 7-year term, 2.09% per year to 3.92% per year for a 8-year term, 4.25% per year to 6.40% per year for a 10-year term, 2.67% per year to 4.56% per year for a 12-year term, 3.44% per year to 6.65% per year for a 15-year term, 4.75% per year to 6.93% per year for a 20-year term, or 5.14% per year to 7.10% for a 25-year term, with no origination fees. APR is subject to increase after consummation. Variable interest rates will fluctuate over the term of the borrower’s loan with changes in the LIBOR rate, and will vary based on applicable terms, level of degree earned and presence of a co-signer. The maximum variable rate may be between 9.00% and 16.00%, depending on loan term. The floor rate may be between 0.54% and 4.21%, depending on loan term. These rates are subject to additional terms and conditions, and rates are subject to change at any time without notice. Such changes will only apply to applications taken after the effective date of change.
2 Important Disclosures for Laurel Road.
Laurel Road Disclosures
All credit products are subject to credit approval.
Laurel Road began originating student loans in 2013 and has since helped thousands of professionals with undergraduate and postgraduate degrees consolidate and refinance more than $4 billion in federal and private school loans. Laurel Road also offers a suite of online graduate school loan products and personal loans that help simplify lending through customized technology and personalized service. In April 2019, Laurel Road was acquired by KeyBank, one of the nation’s largest bank-based financial services companies. Laurel Road is a brand of KeyBank National Association offering online lending products in all 50 U.S. states, Washington, D.C., and Puerto Rico. All loans are provided by KeyBank National Association, a nationally chartered bank. Member FDIC. For more information, visit www.laurelroad.com.
As used throughout these Terms & Conditions, the term “Lender” refers to KeyBank National Association and its affiliates, agents, guaranty insurers, investors, assigns, and successors in interest.
Assumptions: Repayment examples above assume a loan amount of $10,000 with repayment beginning immediately following disbursement. Repayment examples do not include the 0.25% AutoPay Discount.
Annual Percentage Rate (“APR”): This term represents the actual cost of financing to the borrower over the life of the loan expressed as a yearly rate.
Interest Rate: A simple annual rate that is applied to an unpaid balance.
Variable Rates: The current index for variable rate loans is derived from the one-month London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and changes in the LIBOR index may cause your monthly payment to increase. Borrowers who take out a term of 5, 7, or 10 years will have a maximum interest rate of 9%, those who take out a 15 or 20-year variable loan will have a maximum interest rate of 10%.
KEYBANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MODIFY OR DISCONTINUE PRODUCTS AND BENEFITS AT ANY TIME WITHOUT NOTICE.
This information is current as of June 23, 2020. Information and rates are subject to change without notice.
3 Important Disclosures for SoFi.
4 Important Disclosures for Earnest.
To qualify, you must be a U.S. citizen or possess a 10-year (non-conditional) Permanent Resident Card, reside in a state Earnest lends in, and satisfy our minimum eligibility criteria. You may find more information on loan eligibility here: https://www.earnest.com/eligibility. Not all applicants will be approved for a loan, and not all applicants will qualify for the lowest rate. Approval and interest rate depend on the review of a complete application.
Earnest fixed rate loan rates range from 2.98% APR (with Auto Pay) to 5.79% APR (with Auto Pay). Variable rate loan rates range from 1.99% APR (with Auto Pay) to 5.64% APR (with Auto Pay). For variable rate loans, although the interest rate will vary after you are approved, the interest rate will never exceed 8.95% for loan terms 10 years or less. For loan terms of 10 years to 15 years, the interest rate will never exceed 9.95%. For loan terms over 15 years, the interest rate will never exceed 11.95% (the maximum rates for these loans). Earnest variable interest rate loans are based on a publicly available index, the one month London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR). Your rate will be calculated each month by adding a margin between 1.82% and 5.50% to the one month LIBOR. The rate will not increase more than once per month. Earnest rate ranges are current as of July 31, 2020, and are subject to change based on market conditions and borrower eligibility.
Auto Pay discount: If you make monthly principal and interest payments by an automatic, monthly deduction from a savings or checking account, your rate will be reduced by one quarter of one percent (0.25%) for so long as you continue to make automatic, electronic monthly payments. This benefit is suspended during periods of deferment and forbearance.
The information provided on this page is updated as of 7/31/2020. Earnest reserves the right to change, pause, or terminate product offerings at any time without notice. Earnest loans are originated by Earnest Operations LLC. California Finance Lender License 6054788. NMLS # 1204917. Earnest Operations LLC is located at 302 2nd Street, Suite 401N, San Francisco, CA 94107. Terms and Conditions apply. Visit https://www.earnest.com/terms-of-service, email us at [email protected], or call 888-601-2801 for more information on our student loan refinance product.
© 2020 Earnest LLC. All rights reserved. Earnest LLC and its subsidiaries, including Earnest Operations LLC, are not sponsored by or agencies of the United States of America.
5 Important Disclosures for CommonBond.
Offered terms are subject to change. Loans are offered by CommonBond Lending, LLC (NMLS # 1175900). If you are approved for a loan, the interest rate offered will depend on your credit profile, your application, the loan term selected and will be within the ranges of rates shown. All Annual Percentage Rates (APRs) displayed assume borrowers enroll in auto pay and account for the 0.25% reduction in interest rate. All variable rates are based on a 1-month LIBOR assumption of 0.18% effective July 10, 2020.