Private student and education loan rates
Looking for ways to help cover the cost of college after exhausting all the scholarship, grant and federal student loan options out there? Private student loans can provide an additional way to help make ends meet while pursuing your degree.
Keep in mind each private student loan provider has its own set of terms, rates and eligibility requirements that vary, unlike a typical federal loan. Also know that applying with a co-signer can greatly improve your chances of qualifying. Check out this list of recommended loan providers below:
While federal loans are one-size-fits-all, private student loan rates and terms are individually set by lenders. Banks, credit unions and online companies vary their loan offers based on the strength of your application. If you have a stable credit history (or a cosigner who does), you could score the lowest rates available from the lender.
Private student loans also provide borrowers with a greater degree of choice. Instead of being assigned a fixed-rate federal loan to be repaid over a 10-year term, you might opt for a variable rate and a shorter or longer repayment period.
Private education debt comes with a higher borrowing limit, too, allowing you to cover any gaps in your school’s cost of attendance. With that said, it’s wise to only borrow what you need — and what you can afford to repay.
Although private student loans typically include a six-month grace period, their repayment protections aren’t generally as robust as the safety net available with federal loans. Government-offered perks like income-driven repayment, deferment and forbearance, and certain loan forgiveness programs are either difficult to access or nonexistent among private lenders.
Because private student loans include fewer safeguards, they most often supplement — but rarely replace — federal loans. If borrowing one is right for you, it’s wise to check your eligibility and possible terms with at least a few of the best private lenders listed on our site.
As you shop around, go beyond interest rates to ensure you’re matched with the best overall loan for your situation. You might prioritize an online company that provides economic hardship forbearance, for example, to protect your finances in repayment. Lenders could also stand out for their discounts and perks, cosigner release policy or customer service, among other factors.
When seeking a private student loan, minimize any harm to your credit report by submitting applications within 30 days and prioritizing lenders that offer a soft credit check. This way, you can learn about your eligibility and potential interest rate while keeping your (and your cosigner’s) credit in tip-top shape.
To fully understand private student loans before opting to borrow, explore the following FAQs:
When should I consider applying for private student loans?
Before resorting to student debt, apply for scholarships and grants, tap college savings and increase your income, perhaps with a side hustle. Completing the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) is essential, as it’s the gateway to government grants, work-study programs and loans aid, as well as private scholarships and grants from your state.
If these strategies aren’t enough to fund your education, then you should turn to student loans. But it’s generally advisable to rely on federal student loans first before taking private loans. Funded by the Department of Education, federal loans include greater repayment protections. On the other hand, a private student loan could help you bridge any gaps in your cost of attendance once you’ve maxed out your federal loan allotment.
What can private student loans be used for?
Like federal loans, private student loans can be applied toward education-related expenses, including (but not limited to) tuition and school fees. You might also use private loan money to help cover secondary but significant expenses like room and board, textbooks, class-related equipment and school supplies.
Related: Dos and don’ts of student loan money
What are the advantages and disadvantages of private student loans?
Private student loans can benefit borrowers with strong credit histories or with cosigners who are especially creditworthy. If you fall into this category, you might net a lower interest rate from a bank than you could from the federal government. You might also prefer private student loans for their exclusive options, such as variable rates.
On the other hand, private loans are riskier propositions for borrowers, regardless of their credit strength. For instance, you might see your initially low variable rate rise with market conditions, then find that private loans provide a fraction of the repayment protections included with federal loans. Income-driven repayment, for example, is seldom available from private lenders.
What are the different types of private student loans?
Whether you’re a student or a parent; an American citizen or an international student; seeking an associate, bachelor’s or postgraduate degree or a certificate; or attending school part time or full time, there are loans for your borrowing situation. Check with reputable lenders about whether they serve your needs or, better yet, specialize in them.
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How do I choose a private student loan?
You might be most concerned with your fixed or variable interest rate when shopping around for private student loans. The rate is crucial because it helps to determine how much interest will accrue on your loan as you proceed through repayment.
However, consider every aspect of each lender’s loan offer before selecting one. We recommend writing down the details of your ideal loan — and then taking that to market, testing which lender comes closest to delivering.
Your ideal loan will likely account for some or all of the following factors:
- Application, origination or prepayment fees
- In-school repayment options, including full deferment
- Rate discounts for graduating or enrolling in autopay
- Loan term, or the length of your repayment
- Payment postponement options, such as economic hardship forbearance
- Cosigner release policy
- Customer service
Will I need a cosigner for private student loans?
About 9 out of 10 private student loans are borrowed with cosigners — a creditworthy individual who agrees to repay the debt if you, as the primary borrower, fall behind. That’s because teens and 20-somethings often don’t have the thick credit file required to meet the underwriting standards of banks, credit unions and online-only lenders.
Even if you’re a rare case of a student who could qualify on your own, attaching a cosigner to your application could score you a lower interest rate. Just ensure you and your cosigner understand the legal obligations of repayment before deciding to team up.
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